Headquarters and Headquarters Company

ORGANIZATION: a. Battalion headquarters consists of the battalion commander and his staff.

b.Headquarters company consists of company headquarters and four sections; administration and technical, supply and transportation, mess, and train movement (see T/O 55-226).

FUNCTION. The function of the headquarters and headquarters company is to provide technical, administrative, and supply personnel necessary to enable the battalion commander to supervise and coordinate activities of the battalion and to operate certain activities, common to all companies, such as battalion supplies, motor transportation and maintenance, and mess.

BATTALION HEADQUARTERS. a. The lieutenant colonel commanding the battalion is the division superintendent of the railway division assigned to his battalion. {e is responsible for training, discipline, messing, housing, and morale of his troops. He supervises preparation of demolition plans for his division and executes such plans if directed by proper military authority. He makes such reports and keeps such records as may be necessary to insure sufficient handling of rolling stock and personnel, and as may be required by higher authority. He should be prepared to make recommendations for increasing the capacity of his division. When located in the forward area, he should by reconnaissance keep himself informed of conditions which will confront the battalion in case railheads of his division are moved forward. He exercises control through his company commanders.

Assistant division superintendent, major, is the executive officer on all matters but is principally concerned

with railway administration.

c.Battalion adjutant, captain, is m charge of operation of the administration and technical section of the headquarters company. He is responsible for military administration of the battalion and handles matters relating to personnel, battalion orders, records, police, guard, mail service, and message service. He reports to the division superintendent through the executive officer.

d.Division storekeeper, captain, is battalion supply officer, division storekeeper, and fuel agent. He is in direct charge of the supply and transportation section of headquarters company. As supply officer, he maintains the supply of food, clothing, and ammunition and equipment. As division storekeeper, he coordinates the technical supply requirements of the railway division. He has technical supervision over all of the battalion supply personnel, passes upon requisitions submitted by companies of the battalion, etc.

HEADQUARTERS COMPANY. a. Company headquarters. (I) A captain commands the company. He is battalion and division mess officer and as such operates messes for the battalion at as many locations as may be required. He advises the battalion commander on all matters relating to military training and military employment of the battalion.

(2)First sergeant is in charge of company administration and may be assigned additional duty. The company clerk, corporal, is his clerical assistant

Basic privates may be used wherever their services are required. The orderly is assigned as needed.

b. Headquarters platoon. This platoon contains the train dispatcher's office and the administrative and technical section.

(I)ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL SECTION. Performs the dual function of military administration and railway administration. Battalion sergeant major acts as chief clerk for the adjutant. He has under his direction routine battalion administration, pay rolls, morning reports, records, and mail. He has as his assistants a T-5 general clerk and a private. When directed by the battalion commander, all company clerks report to the adjutant for duty in his office in connection with company records of their companies. Railway administration for the battalion is supervised by a master sergeant, chief clerk to division superintendent. He has charge of railway office management, supervises rendition of reports on railway operations, and keeps records and collects data relating to the railway. He is assisted by one T-4 general clerk, one T-5 stenographer, and one private.

(2)TRAIN MOVEMENT SECTION. This unit reports to the division superintendent or his assistant. It is responsible for movement of trains, coordination of clocks and watches, distribution of cars and motive power, and maintenance of car, locomotive, and train movement records.

a. First lieutenant, commanding officer of headquarters platoon, is also chief dispatcher and reports to the division superintendent or his assistant. He is responsible for train movements, train orders, prompt movement of traffic, coordination of watches and time with higher authority and within the division, and the dispatch and distribution of motive power so as to be in a position to move all traffic offered in a prompt and efficient manner. He supervises car ordering and movement of empty equipment over his division; prompt loading and unloading of cars, and disposition of surplus equipment; supervises work of dispatchers and sees that they are handling trains safely and expeditiously. He sees that dispatchers and operators issue and copy train orders in a correct manner, and investigates train delays on the road. He keeps a record of all cars set off at nonagency stations when in bad order or otherwise, and arranges for prompt repairs, unloading or loading, as the case may be. He reports immediately any violation of rules by train crews to the superintendent or trainmaster. He notifies the various division department hea4s of any materials consigned and being moved to them, also point and time at which consignment will be set so they may arrange for unloading. He sees that all fuel stations are amply supplied with fuel and that sufficient quantity is kept en route. He keeps himself informed of conditions of facilities such as water towers, signals, fuel stations, etc., and calls the proper officer's attention to failures. He dispatches trains on a priority basis as directed by the superintendent. He maintains a record of train movements. He sees that proper authority is advised as to cars wanted and car surplus on territory under his supervision (see TM 55-265).

Master sergeant, principal assistant to the chief dispatcher.
  1. Technical sergeants, train dispatchers, one for each shift.
  1. Staff sergeant, car distributor.
(e) Technician grades and privates. Station agents, telegraphers, telephone operators, and basics employed at various stations along the line. A station agent is assigned to duty at station locations in the divisional territory. A station agent is the representative of the railroad at the station He is responsible for condition and protection of the station, for prompt placing of cars for loading and unloading, and for their subsequent movement. He posts official notices and time tables in his station. He sees that cars are properly loaded and seals them for shipment. When cars are received, he promptly notifies the organization or person to whom they are billed, or the individual responsible for loading at the station. The station agents are responsible for issue of tickets, for custody of station records, and for preparation and forwarding of station reports.
  1. Service platoon. This platoon contains the supply and transportation section and the mess section. It is commanded by a first lieutenant, a mess officer.

This section provides clerical personnel for division store-

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keeper's office and personnel for operation of motor vehicles of the headquarters company. The unit is charged with receipt, distribution, and storage of supplies for the battalion. It reports to the battalion supply officer and works under his direct supervision. All battalion motor vehicle maintenance and all battalion shoe repairing is performed by this section with the assistance of men detailed from the companies when necessary.

(a) Warrant officer acts as assistant division storekeeper.

  1. Technical sergeant is the principal assistant of the supply 6fficer. He dispatches motor vehicles and keeps battalion stores.
(c) Technician grades and privates. Automobile mechanic, storekeeper, and basic.
  1. MESS SECTION. This section operates messes at terminals, shops, division points along the permanent way where the establishment of separate messes are required to feed personnel located at or passing through such points, on a 24-hour basis when required.
(a) Technical sergeant, battalion mess sergeant, is in charge of the receipt, preparation, and distribution of the rations of the battalion.

(b) Staff sergeants, mess sergeants, supervise operation of messes. They are responsible for condition of messes assigned to them by battalion mess sergeant.

(e) Technician grades and privates. Cooks and helpers are assigned to mess sergeants or to individual messes. Basics are assigned as needed.